The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome which is shortly known as AIDS is a serious disease which is caused by the virus named HIV. When a person is affected by this Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) his immune system will be affected and makes him weak to get affected by various infections and diseases. Normally this HIV virus will present in the fluids such breast milk, vaginal fluids and semen of the person who is infected. Both the syndrome and virus are commonly referred as HIV/AIDS.
The HIV virus can be passed from the infected person to another through sexual contact and blood to blood. Also if a pregnant woman has HIV infection then her baby will also get the virus in the birth and also in the time of breastfeeding. The virus can also be transmitted in many other ways such as oral sex, anal sex, vaginal, contaminated hypodermic needles and blood transfusion. This is the most severe disease which can lead a person to death and this was originated in Africa in the period of early twentieth century. However there is no treatment for this deadly disease. But the affected persons can take some treatments which can slow down the effect of the disease.
The HIV virus can affect the most significant organs in the body and the progression of the disease will depends upon various factors like age of the person, the ability of the body against HIV virus and genetic inheritance of an infected person etc.
There are many misconceptions about this disease and many of the people believe that the HIV virus can be transmitted through shaking hands, sneezing, casual kissing, hugging, sharing towels, using same toilet etc. But there are no such possibilities and the virus will not be transmitted in these ways. Many people do not know the symptoms of the HIV infection and they will not consider that as a serious problem. There are some common symptoms for the early infection of HIV virus and they are joint pain, fever, muscle ache, chills, sore throat, sweats and enlarged glands etc.
If the severity is increased then the person may have blurred vision, dry cough, night sweat, permanent tiredness, shortness of breath, weight loss, swollen glands for weeks etc. If a person is having these symptoms then he or she has to take immediate check-up and start treatment. The HIV virus can be diagnosed by doing a blood test which is especially performed to detect this virus. If the results are positive then it is confirmed that the person is having the HIV infection and he has to undergo some additional treatments. In another way, the virus infection can be identified by the ultra sensitive HIV sensor. This can give the accurate results when compared to the other tests. As it is mentioned already this problem does not have treatment but the transmission of the disease and its severity can be controlled. Also the life expectancy of the person can be extended. These are the possible outcomes from the HIV treatments (see our other articles here and/or here).
Where HIV is concerned it’s basically a sexually transmitted disease passed through sexual contact so Concept of awareness in young as well as adults; on sexually transmitted diseases specifically HIV and AIDS is critical.
Around half of the people who attain HIV become infected before they turn 25, and according to figures AIDS is the second most common cause of death among 20-24 year old natives. Most shocking and miserable fact about HIV is this it’s not only a problem of young ones or adults , but it is ingesting the teenagers as well, It is estimated that in the end of 2007 there were 2 million people who were aged under 15 living with HIV. While searching for HIV statistics I came across a story of a 15 years old girl Monica who quoted that her best friend(who was a male) had AIDS and they were really close so one night, experimented and after the fact that they did sexual intercourse; her friend told her that he had AIDS. Rather her friend (male) knowingly passed her HIV, What else can we call it except a frustrating example of our dire society.
Absolutely speaking, about the AIDS ratio in young girls; teenage girls and juvenile women need to be enough conscious about Sexually transmitted diseases. According to a recent educated guess one in every four teenage girls age ranging from 14 to 19 years have Sexually Transmitted Disease most commonly HIV. In addition, women undergo more frequent and grimmer complications from AIDS then men. At various grounds Young women are at risk for sexually transmitted HIV; these poignant factors include genetic weakness because women being a feeble creature cannot dominate over men, another factor counted is being deficient in recognizing their partner’s risk factors, then it comes to the disparity in relationships between spouse, another thing that counts a lot is having sex with aged men who are more likely to be grimed with HIV this is particularly common in third world countries.
You must know that HIV infection which in turn progresses to AIDS relatively slower among youngsters than others contaminated of HIV infections. Here are some facts and figures about the sufferers in whom HIV virus did not advanced to AIDS within one year after diagnosis of HIV infectivity.
• 81% of persons aged 15-25
• 70% of persons aged 13-14
• 61% collectively all persons
When it comes to young people in United States of America, these guys are at continual risk for HIV infection and this risk is specifically prominent in youth of minority races and civilization. According to a survey from health Society most of youngsters began sexual intercourse at earlier ages. A report with statistics showed that 46% of High school students had sexual intercourse and out of them 7.5% reported first sexual intercourse before the age of 13. Need of the hour is continued HIV prevention programs; specially conducting at likewise young ages, these also include campaigns on self-denial and stoppage of the commencement of sex in earlier age. It will not only discourage AIDS losses but also prepare workers against HIV and who will promote “Protection and Prevention” campaigns.