AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a fatal disease that targets the immune system of the human body and the infected person’s immune system will be very low that even a simple disease such as a common cold could prove deadly. It is recorded that an estimated 2.2 million people die due to HIV every year. The origin of the virus is unknown, though some believe it was transmitted from apes somewhere in Africa.
Various researches have been undergone by various countries to find a cure for the disease, yet there is no proven cure for the disease till date. Advancements in science and technology had produced various treatments to slow down the progress of the disease, but the drugs are very costly and are not practical in poor countries such as Africa where the disease is widespread and so prevention is the best option.
How it Spreads?
It is important to know how the disease spreads so that we can follow preventive methods:
Sexual Contact: HIV is mainly transmitted through sexual contact from a person who is HIV positive. If an infected person has unsafe sexual contact with another person there is a surety that at the disease will be transmitted. Hence, if you a person who is sexually active and cannot abstain from constant sex, it is advisable that you use condoms and prevent exchange of bodily fluids.
Heredity: It is likely that a parent who is HIV positive is likely to transmit the disease to his/her unborn child.
Blood Transfusion: One of the most lethal attributes about HIV is that the infected person may not know that he is infected with the virus and simple blood transfusion in case of an emergency may lead to giving the gainer HIV. It is reported that 25 percent of infected people are not aware of their disease. The virus can be transmitted through blood transfusions, used needles, shaving blades, etc.
People infected with HIV face a very hard life as they have to undergo frequent medications and be extra careful every time and they are also mentally hurt as they are certain about their inevitable end. And the sad thing is that instead of supporting them in their needful time, many people ridicule and discriminate them and most infected persons cannot live a successful social life. To help these patients gain confidence many counselling is given by government and various social empowerment groups are available where people can share their thoughts with others and gain the confidence to live life.
People in underdeveloped and developing countries need to be educated about the disease and made them know about how the disease spreads and how it affects the body. Also, people have to be thought that the disease cannot be transmitted through a simple touch or a handshake and hence not to consider infected persons as some vile untouchable being but to show compassion towards them and treat them as any normal person.
Symptom is a feeling that is observed by patient indicating the presence of syndrome or abnormality inside human body. It is merely a reaction from patient’s body in response to some particular disease.
Symptoms of HIV & AIDS are the indications or warning signs showing whether somebody is affected with HIV or not; it’s better to say HIV symptoms are subjective feelings. When symptoms of AIDS are concerned we have a whole list of indicators. Before I mention symptom of AIDS I must tell the readers that it would be wide of mark if you just rely on symptoms, the one and only way to make sure about some one’s HIV status is to go for HIV Test. Reason behind the logic is that it may happen that somebody is not showing any of the symptoms but he or she is found with HIV later on.
Let me start with earliest symptoms of HIV and then AIDS, worth mentioning is the formation of antibodies. It happens between six weeks to three months (it’s usually 12 weeks period) after getting infected with HIV virus. Just after antibodies development the foremost attack is of Flu. Yes Flu!!! And it can come up with dry cough. However Flu can come up in several forms including prolonged fever, body rashes, muscular pain and swelling of lymph nodes or swollen glands. Swelling mostly occurs in neck and armpits. This is rather a stage when infection is making a web in your body making a way for mouth infections, and bruising. One may also suffer heavy night sweats, high temperature and abrasion on skin or inside mouth. Here appear marks on the tongue. The Reddish colored lumps all over body start appearing and getting multiplied. There are also cases when people suffered Thrush; it’s a thick white coating in mouth, often Dentists and ENT specialists can make identification for HIV initially because of this particular symptom. Person gets weaker day by day and suffers deep fatigue without apparent reason. One may also experience slight attacks of pneumonia.
The infirmity is called Acute HIV syndrome in medical terms. it’s a set of disorders that continues to smash up the body. It is noticed that victims feel swamped, just snowed down in this phase, they may have weight loss and it can be above 10% of the total body weight. They may suffer nausea repeatedly and persistent diarrhea for more than one month. A lot of individuals suffer with vaginal infection as well. Every symptom in itself is ultimately leading the individual towards psychosomatic torture.
For the duration of this phase there will be a towering quantity of the virus in body, the virus is continually getting proliferated i.e. multiplying itself and thinning out to all other body parts rapidly. Individual at this stage if get tested will show a positive HIV test. Very important mania about this stage is that victim cans pass on infection to others at this point quickly. Subsequently individuals undergo profuse depressed state heading their way to neurological disorders.