The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome which is shortly known as AIDS is a serious disease which is caused by the virus named HIV. When a person is affected by this Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) his immune system will be affected and makes him weak to get affected by various infections and diseases. Normally this HIV virus will present in the fluids such breast milk, vaginal fluids and semen of the person who is infected. Both the syndrome and virus are commonly referred as HIV/AIDS.
The HIV virus can be passed from the infected person to another through sexual contact and blood to blood. Also if a pregnant woman has HIV infection then her baby will also get the virus in the birth and also in the time of breastfeeding. The virus can also be transmitted in many other ways such as oral sex, anal sex, vaginal, contaminated hypodermic needles and blood transfusion. This is the most severe disease which can lead a person to death and this was originated in Africa in the period of early twentieth century. However there is no treatment for this deadly disease. But the affected persons can take some treatments which can slow down the effect of the disease.
The HIV virus can affect the most significant organs in the body and the progression of the disease will depends upon various factors like age of the person, the ability of the body against HIV virus and genetic inheritance of an infected person etc.
There are many misconceptions about this disease and many of the people believe that the HIV virus can be transmitted through shaking hands, sneezing, casual kissing, hugging, sharing towels, using same toilet etc. But there are no such possibilities and the virus will not be transmitted in these ways. Many people do not know the symptoms of the HIV infection and they will not consider that as a serious problem. There are some common symptoms for the early infection of HIV virus and they are joint pain, fever, muscle ache, chills, sore throat, sweats and enlarged glands etc.
If the severity is increased then the person may have blurred vision, dry cough, night sweat, permanent tiredness, shortness of breath, weight loss, swollen glands for weeks etc. If a person is having these symptoms then he or she has to take immediate check-up and start treatment. The HIV virus can be diagnosed by doing a blood test which is especially performed to detect this virus. If the results are positive then it is confirmed that the person is having the HIV infection and he has to undergo some additional treatments. In another way, the virus infection can be identified by the ultra sensitive HIV sensor. This can give the accurate results when compared to the other tests. As it is mentioned already this problem does not have treatment but the transmission of the disease and its severity can be controlled. Also the life expectancy of the person can be extended. These are the possible outcomes from the HIV treatments (see our other articles here and/or here).