The discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the 1970s has added to man’s distress. As per statistics, over 12 million people have lost their lives battling the HIV disease. There is a constant rise in the number of individuals who has fallen prey to the painful symptoms of HIV – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Unfortunately, AIDS is a lifelong disease. Therefore it is vital to be educated about HIV and AIDS facts.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus belongs to a group of virus called retrovirus, which damages and eventually kills the cells once it gets into the human body. A lot of people are not aware as they do not notice symptoms after being infected. This is because the latent period of the virus is variable. HIV is transmitted from individual to individual through body fluids. Although it is an incurable disease, people may lead a healthy life with medical treatment that can keep the virus in check. To avail the immediately required medical attention, one must be aware of the basic HIV-AIDS facts.
Causative fluids of HIV: Semen, blood, vaginal secretion and breast milk. HIV transmission occurs due to these infected fluids from infected to healthy person. It is important to understand the various transmission methods of these fluids. Sexual contact (and not exchange of saliva) leads to transfer of body fluids. A common transmission method is the callous reuse of syringes and needles that have been infected by the HIV virus. Pregnant women who have been infected may pass the disease to offspring through delivery and breast feeding. Blood transfusion from people infected with HIV symptoms may also pass the virus. Prior knowledge about these HIV-AIDS facts is imperative so as not to spread the symptoms further.
A lot of people are left in the dark because the symptoms are unobserved for unknown periods. The development varies from person to person though. Headache, lymph-node enlargement, fever, flu-like conditions and fatigue are common HIV symptoms and normally disappear on their own within few weeks leaving the person feeling healthy. This kind of asymptotic phase may last forever.
Once you have your HIV-AIDS facts right, you know that all has not been lost upon detection of HIV symptoms. A variety of drugs have been developed to fight this disease. Antiretroviral drugs may be availed from any drugstore to treat the HIV disease. However, prognoses are not effective because an average patient will succumb to progress of disease in 10 years. It is therefore advisable to consult the doctor about preventive measures instead of suffering from symptoms of HIV.